Cadwed f’enaid, synned sŷr,Rhisiart ap Rhys, c.1500
Catwg fawr wrthfawr ferthyr.
May Cadog the great powerful martyr
keep my soul, let the stars be amazed!
Saints were called upon for healing and protection, and for their help in achieving eternal salvation. Their images and relics were found in the churches in which they were venerated and visited by pilgrims.
St Christopher, fifteenth century, Church of St Illtyd, Llantwit Major, Glamorgan. Photo: Martin Crampin
The opening of Bonedd y Saint, NLW Llanstephan 28, c.1150–1250. Courtesy National Library of Wales
Medieval texts reveal a wealth of tradition concerning local saints in Wales, as well as saints known across the Christian world. According to these traditions, saints performed miracles, fought with giants and monsters, and raised the dead, but were also prepared to die for their faith. Prose ‘Lives’ and poems were written in Latin and in Welsh, and those that survive allude to other lost narratives, and attempt to make sense of conflicting traditions.
Few of these sources were written prior to the eleventh century and all are much later than the historical period in which the men and women later celebrated as saints founded their churches and monasteries in early medieval Wales.